There was news all over the web in the month of January this year about one-day service blackout observed by English Wikipedia, Reddit and around 7,000 other small websites. Wikipedia’s banner for blackout was viewed by more than 160 million people. On January 18, outside the offices of U.S. Sen. Charles Schumer (D-NY) and U.S. Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), hordes of protesters staged demonstrations against SOPA and PIPA, in the New York City, USA.
Moreover, Google had collected signatures of over 7 million people and held a rally in the New York City asking to boycott companies, which support SOPA and PIPA.
SOPA is the acronym of Stop Online Piracy Act, while PIPA stands for Protect IP Act. Both these acts are for foreign websites, which infringe copyrighted web-contents. Both are associated commonly with media privacy and have provided two methods to conquer copyright infringement on foreign websites.
SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act) is a United States Bill that was introduced with a view to overcome online trafficking in copyrighted counterfeit goods and intellectual property. Under the act, court orders can be requested to curb advertising networks and online payment facilities from doing business with restricted websites and to limit the Search Engines from linking to those websites. Moreover, the U.S. Department of Justice could seek court orders demanding Internet service providers to block the domain names of the infringing websites.
PIPA (Protect IP Act) is the similar kind of Senate bill. Here, IP stands for Intellectual Property. This bill is for Intellectual Properties, such as, music, movies or the web-text that can be easily copied and transmitted anywhere online without doing any payment to the creators, in the today’s digital age. Such practices are posing threat to the businesses of a number of Hollywood studios, many music publishers and others.
The web giants, such as Google, Wikipedia, Twitter, Facebook, Tumblr and Reddit, protested against these legislations saying that they would bound to act as an online police due to these two bills. Further, they will be considered responsible, as per the bills, if their users link to the pirated contents.
SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act), among the two acts, is the more extreme bill though both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate bills are similar. SOPA is for foreign infringing sites that are committing or facilitating copyright infringement. However, PIPA is only for the websites that have no significant use than copyright infringement.
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